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Riyadh Plants

Climbers

Arabic Name

الجهنمية

Latin Name

Bougainvillea spectabilis , Nyctaginaceae

English Name

Bougainvillea, Paper Flower, janamiyah

الجهنمية

The generic name for Showy Bougainvillea was given in honour of Admiral Comte de Bougainville, who sponsored a journey to Brazil where the plant originates. It is probably the better choice for Arriyadh, because it is hardier than B. glabra. This sprawling climber is well protected by strong, curved thorns on hairy, woody stems. Its leaves are smaller than B. glabra and shiny on top and soft and hairy underneath. They last during mild winters, but are sometimes shed if conditions are unfavourable. The specific epithet stands for the spectacular colourful clusters of white, pink, red or purple flowers that appear seasonally, especially in spring. Three true, pale-yellow flowers are surrounded by bracts that make the magnificent display. Dormancy factors such as low temperatures or drought seem to trigger flowering. Its vigorous growth up to 20 metres, depending on its support, demands frequent pruning, and branches need to be attached to a wall, pergola, trellis or strong fence. Showy Bougainvilleas may also be hedged. Clipping is possible at any time of the year, but severe cutting should be done after the flowering season in autumn. This species may even be grown as a bonsai or topiary plant. Full sun and nutrient-rich, well-drained garden soil suit it best. In pots or containers, plants should be given a soluble fertiliser weekly, except in winter. On north-facing walls, the lack of light results in few or no flowers. The numerous cultivars are easily propagated by hardwood cuttings placed in indirect sunlight.

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General information

Nyctaginaceae Family Name : Nyctaginaceae
Mediterranean , Sub Tropical Origin: Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Very Humid , Semi Humid , Semi Arid Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Humid , Semi Arid
Cuttings Propagation: Cuttings
High Maintenance: High

Environmental conditions

Resistant Urban Climate: Resistant
Vulnerable Desiccation: Vulnerable
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
Medium Irrigation: Medium
Low < 1,000 ppm  Salinity: Low < 1,000 ppm
-3°C  Hardiness Zones: -3°C

Plant shape

Fairly Fast Growing  Vigour: Fairly Fast Growing
Height Height: From 10 To 25 M
Expansion Expansion: From 4 To 10 M
Semi Evergreen Foliage: Semi Evergreen

Flower

Colour Colour: White , Red , Purple , Pink
Size Size: From 0.4 To 4 CM
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Early April Till Late June

Fruit

Achene Type Of Fruit: Achene
Size Size: 0.4 CM

Location of Use :

Home Plant , Public Open Space , Container Planting , Park Planting , Private Garden , Flowering Hedge , Wadi Farm Garden , Urban Area

Other choices :

Plant Used by ADA , Attractive to Birds , Attractive Flower , Screen , Topiary Plant , Dominant Plant