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Riyadh Plants

Climbers

Arabic Name

الحنظل، الشري

Latin Name

Citrullus colocynthis , Cucurbitaceae

English Name

Bitter Apple, hanzal, bateekh

الحنظل، الشري

Citrullus colocynthis, known in English as Bitter Apple and in Arabic as hanzal, is a fast growing, prostrate, trailing or climbing perennial herb with tendrils that can extend up to 3 metres. It occurs throughout northern and southern Africa, southwest Asia and the Arabian Peninsula, where it is widespread, especially in the Arriyadh region, owing to its hardiness in the summer. A more common relative of C. colocynthis is Citrullus lanatus, the watermelon. The leaves are triangular, grey-green and deeply lobed with three to seven lobes. The branches are hairy. The small, yellow flowers appear in summer. The fruit is about 7 cm in size, initially fleshy and a mottled green with yellow bands. Older fruits are yellow, and rattle if shaken. The fruit was used formerly as a digestive, and the taste is very bitter. Nowadays, its medicinal uses are limited, because it can damage the liver. Propagation is by seed. It grows on sandy soil, is moderately salt-tolerant, and for landscape purposes little maintenance is necessary once established. C. colocynthis will not tolerate frost, but recovers during summer. The Bitter Apple is very useful for open land as a coloniser and slope stabiliser. It can be also planted in extensive landscape schemes such as rock or steppe gardens, and as a groundcover.

الحنظل، الشري الحنظل، الشري الحنظل، الشري الحنظل، الشري الحنظل، الشري
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General information

Cucurbitaceae Family Name : Cucurbitaceae
Tropical , Mediterranean , Sub Tropical Origin: Tropical , Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Semi Humid , Semi Arid , Very Arid Rainfall: Semi Humid , Semi Arid , Very Arid
Sowing and Pricking Out Propagation: Sowing and Pricking Out
Low Maintenance: Low
Perennial Planting Phase: Perennial

Environmental conditions

Resistant Urban Climate: Resistant
Resistant Desiccation: Resistant
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
None Irrigation: None
Low < 1,000 ppm  Salinity: Low < 1,000 ppm
0°C  Hardiness Zones: 0°C

Plant shape

Fast Growing  Vigour: Fast Growing
Height Height: 0.3 m M
Expansion Expansion: 3 M
Deciduous Foliage: Deciduous

Flower

Colour Colour: Yellow
Size Size: 2.5 CM
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Early July Till Late March

Fruit

Berry Type Of Fruit: Berry
Size Size: 7 CM
Poisonous Toxicity: Poisonous

Location of Use :

Open Country , Rock Garden , Hillside Planting , Hillside Stabilization , Steppe Garden , Suitable For Commercial Use , Wadi Plant , Rowda Plant

Other choices :

Environmental Consolidation , Ground Cover , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive Fruits , Wall Coping , Attractive to Bees , Attractive Flower , Nativ in Riyadh , Medical Plant , Colonisers