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Riyadh Plants

Shrubs (Sub-shrubs)

Arabic Name

السرح، مرو

Latin Name

Maerua crassifolia , Capparaceae

English Name

Jiga, sarh, merro

السرح، مرو

This large shrub, growing up to 5 metres tall, known as sarh or merro in Arabic, is native to the Arabian Peninsula. Its foliage is used as fodder for camels and is a source of food in Africa, where it is made into soups and other dishes. As a widespread, evergreen, and densely branched small tree, usually with a rounded flattish crown, it occurs in drier areas with sandy, gravelly and silty soils. The intricate, glaucous, spiny branches have small simple, often dense, elliptical leaves, which are slightly hairy and about 1 cm long. Yellow-green clusters of flowers with many stamens are borne in spring and the red berry fruits are bean-shaped. The seeds were considered sacred to the ancient Egyptians and there are a number of historical medicinal uses, as well as uses in apiculture. Shrubs are tap-rooted and have a high salt tolerance. In fact, they tolerate very harsh desert conditions, are hardy and withstand wind. The leaves and fruits are palatable to all animals except horses and donkeys The sweet fruits are also used for human consumption. M. crassifolia has good potential as a native plant for landscape design: it is useful in afforestation and for creating shelter belts. Requiring only minimal irrigation, whereby deep watering will increase growth, this is a low-maintenance plant.

السرح، مرو السرح، مرو السرح، مرو السرح، مرو السرح، مرو السرح، مرو
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General information

Capparaceae Family Name : Capparaceae
Tropical , Sub Tropical Origin: Tropical , Sub Tropical
Semi Arid , Very Arid Rainfall: Semi Arid , Very Arid
Sowing and Pricking Out Propagation: Sowing and Pricking Out
Low Maintenance: Low

Environmental conditions

Resistant Urban Climate: Resistant
Resistant Desiccation: Resistant
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
None , Low Irrigation: None , Low
High < 5,000 ppm  Salinity: High < 5,000 ppm
0°C  Hardiness Zones: 0°C

Plant shape

Slow Growing  Vigour: Slow Growing
Height Height: 5 M
Expansion Expansion: 4 M
Evergreen Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour Colour: Yellow Light
Size Size: 2 CM
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Early March Till Late April

Fruit

Berry Type Of Fruit: Berry
Size Size: 6 CM
Edible Toxicity: Edible

Location of Use :

Street Neighbour Planting , Open Country , Rock Garden , Massed Planting , Hillside Planting , Hillside Stabilization , Steppe Garden , Herb , Urban Area , Rowda Plant

Other choices :

Shoreline Stabilization , Environmental Consolidation , Wind Damage , Ground Cover , Attractive to Birds , Attractive to Bees , Crop Plant , Nativ in Riyadh , Dominant Plant , Medical Plant