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Riyadh Plants

Shrubs (Sub-shrubs)

Arabic Name

سم الفار، كرز الشتاء، الجينسينج الهندي

Latin Name

Withania somnifera , Solanaceae

English Name

Indian Ginseng, Winter Cherry, sum al far

سم الفار، كرز الشتاء، الجينسينج الهندي

Withania somnifera has several common names such as Indian Ginseng, Winter Cherry and, in Arabic, sum al far. It is a perennial or better shrub that is distributed within India, Africa and the entire Arabian peninsula. In Indian Ayurveda medicine, it is a popular remedy, and the name means something similar to sweaty horse, based on the flavour of the roots. Sum al-far grows up to a height of 150 cm and attains 1 metre in width. It is fast growing and develops a conical dense crown. The deciduous foliage is green with oppositely arranged leaves. The leaves are 10 cm in size, and ovate. The bloom is very small, and whitish-green. The flowers appear in summer. The fruits are roundish berries, 5 mm in size, with a bright-red colour. Propagation is by direct sowing. Soil requirements are low, with the plant growing on sandy or silty soil. W. somnifera can withstand temporary droughts, but also grows in moist soil. Irrigation is not required after establishment, but growth will be improved with some watering. Salinity should not be greater than medium. Sum al far is not very hardy, which means that it will die back in strong winters. In Arriyadh, it can be found in the Wadi Hanifah lake area, where it grows next to the shore in sheltered situations with some shade. For landscape design purposes, it can be recommended for situations such as a coloniser in open country as groundcover and as a small hedge. However, with its fresh dark green foliage, it will also be pleasing in sheltered private gardens and courtyards.

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General information

Solanaceae Family Name : Solanaceae
Arid Origin: Arid
Semi Humid , Very Arid Rainfall: Semi Humid , Very Arid
Direct Sowing Propagation: Direct Sowing
Low Maintenance: Low
Perennial Planting Phase: Perennial

Environmental conditions

Vulnerable Urban Climate: Vulnerable
Resistant Desiccation: Resistant
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
None Irrigation: None
High < 5,000 ppm  Salinity: High < 5,000 ppm
-6°C  Hardiness Zones: -6°C

Plant shape

Fast Growing  Vigour: Fast Growing
Height Height: 1.5 M
Expansion Expansion: 1 M
Deciduous Foliage: Deciduous

Flower

Colour Colour: Green Pale
Size Size: 0.4 CM
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Mid June Till Late August

Fruit

Berry Type Of Fruit: Berry
Size Size: 0.5 CM
Poisonous Toxicity: Poisonous

Location of Use :

Open Country , Stream Edge , Hedge , Herb , Wadi Farm Garden , Wadi Plant

Other choices :

Ground Cover , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive Fruits , Nativ in Riyadh , Medical Plant , Colonisers