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Riyadh Plants

Cacti, Succulents

Arabic Name

نبات الهرم، حماض، بطباط، رطريط

Latin Name

Zygophyllum coccineum , Zygophyllaceae

English Name

Zygophyllum, humaz, batbat, r’utrit

نبات الهرم، حماض، بطباط، رطريط

Zygophyllum coccineum has the Arabic names humaz, batbat and r’utrit. Its area of distribution is the northern and central Arabian peninsula, Egypt, the Middle East, western Asia, and Pakistan. It is a small desert shrub growing to between 50 and 75 cm high. The plant is a succulent (cacti type). It has a shape like a dwarf shrub, prostrating and irregular. The evergreen foliage is olive-green to silvery green, and the succulent leaves are opposite and tomentose. The tiny, delicate, yellow flowers appear in winter and spring, and have long stamens. The fruits are egg-shaped capsules 2 mm in size. Propagation is best done by seeds. Z. coccineum has tap roots, grows on sandy, silty soil and is highly salt-tolerant. It can be used as a groundcover or grouped plant in natural design themes such as rock or steppe gardens, and can be found very often on abandoned land and in open country surrounding Arriyadh. As a native, it needs no maintenance and is highly recommended for the rehabilitation of natural plant cover. It is valuable in seed mixtures together with other native shrubs for renaturalisation projects. It is useful in open country as a coloniser and for hillside planting, slope stabilisation and environmental consolidation. Another bonus is that humaz is not grazed by animals. It is also recommended for natural design themes, such as in Wadi Hanifah, where it can be found already, having propagated by self-seeding.

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General information

Zygophyllaceae Family Name : Zygophyllaceae
Arid Origin: Arid
Semi Arid , Very Arid Rainfall: Semi Arid , Very Arid
Direct Sowing , Sowing and Pricking Out Propagation: Direct Sowing , Sowing and Pricking Out
Low Maintenance: Low

Environmental conditions

Resistant Urban Climate: Resistant
Resistant Desiccation: Resistant
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
None Irrigation: None
Very High > 5,000 ppm  Salinity: Very High > 5,000 ppm
-6°C  Hardiness Zones: -6°C

Plant shape

Height Height: From 0.5 To 0.75 M
Expansion Expansion: 1 M
Evergreen Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour Colour: Yellow
Size Size: 4 CM
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Early April Till Late September , Late November

Fruit

Capsule Type Of Fruit: Capsule
Size Size: 0.2 CM

Location of Use :

Open Country , Rock Garden , Hillside Planting , Hillside Stabilization , Steppe Garden , Roof Garden , Rowda Plant

Other choices :

Shoreline Stabilization , Environmental Consolidation , Ground Cover , Grouped Planting , Plant Used by ADA , Screen , Nativ in Riyadh , Medical Plant , Colonisers