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Riyadh Plants

Shrubs (Sub-shrubs)

Arabic Name

الرغل

Latin Name

Atriplex leucoclada , Chenopodiaceae

English Name

Saltbush, Orache, raghal

الرغل

There are some ten species of Atriplex growing presently in Saudi Arabia: seven are native (Atriplex coriacea, A. dimorphostegia, A. farinosa, A. glauca, A. halimus, A. leucoclada and A. tatarica), and three have been introduced and cultivated (A. canescens, A. semibaccata and A. suberecta). Atriplex is a halophytic plant which has developed various strategies to adapt to saline environments with excessively high salt content in the soil. Originating in the Mediterranean basin, A. leucoclada, known in Arabic as raghal, is a low perennial shrub with upright grey stems and triangular leaves and densely clustered, bell-shaped flowers and fruits, which appear on spikes in spring. The shrub grows in many different habitats, but it usually occurs on sabkah, coastal and inland salt marshes with a high accumulation of salts, and occasionally on silty soils. Frost-tolerant with a medium growth rate, the species is polymorphic, meaning that the shape and size of its leaves may vary according to season and habitat. A. leucoclada is an important species for agricultural use in arid regions. Atriplex species can be planted for soil desalination, and CO2 sequestration. Studies have shown that Atriplex is able to survive sodium chloride salinity up to more than 100% of seawater salinity, indicating that A. leucoclada can be grown productively at moderate salinity. It is a useful plant for desert and extensive landscape schemes as a groundcover, occasionally requiring watering and maintenance to improve its appearance.

الرغل الرغل الرغل
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General information

Chenopodiaceae Family Name : Chenopodiaceae
Mediterranean Origin: Mediterranean
Semi Arid , Extremely Arid , Very Arid Rainfall: Semi Arid , Extremely Arid , Very Arid
Direct Sowing Propagation: Direct Sowing
Low Maintenance: Low
Perennial Planting Phase: Perennial

Environmental conditions

Resistant Urban Climate: Resistant
Resistant Desiccation: Resistant
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
None , Low Irrigation: None , Low
Very High > 5,000 ppm  Salinity: Very High > 5,000 ppm
-6°C  Hardiness Zones: -6°C

Plant shape

Height Height: 0.5 M
Expansion Expansion: 1 M
Evergreen Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour Colour: Green
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Early April Till Late April

Fruit

Capsule Type Of Fruit: Capsule
Size Size: 0.6 CM

Location of Use :

Public Open Space , Cars Park , Pedestrian Precinct , Street Neighbour Planting , Open Country , Rock Garden , Massed Planting , Hillside Planting , Park Planting , Stream Edge , Steppe Garden , Low Hedge , Urban Area , Wadi Plant , Rowda Plant

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Environmental Consolidation , Grouped Planting , Plant Used by ADA , Nativ in Riyadh , Colonisers