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Riyadh Plants

Cacti, Succulents

Arabic Name

زهرة الشمس الصغيرة

Latin Name

Aptenia cordifolia , Aizoaceae

English Name

Baby Sun-Rose

زهرة الشمس الصغيرة

This succulent perennial groundcover is native to South Africa and belongs to the ice plant family (Aizoaceae, formerly Mesembryanthemaceae). It retains its fleshy leaves all year round. They are heart-shaped, about 3 cm long and their bright green contrasts well with the tiny but numerous magenta flowers that appear in summer and autumn. They consist of string-like petals that enclose a small white centre, and open only during sunshine when they attract bees and butterflies. Flowers are borne in the leaf axils and develop into capsules about 1 cm in size. Plants will not exceed 10 cm height, but stems quickly grow to 60 cm in length. It tolerates full sun when the soil is gritty and not too dry. Even though its succulent leaves store water, A. cordifolia does not revel in heat or reflected sun. The plants may even become cholorotic and can eventually expose unsightly bare twigs that will not recover properly. Light frosts, as may occur in Arriyadh, do not harm this plant. In rock gardens, it makes an excellent groundcover. It does well in containers too, where it looks best spilling over the edge. Pruning is easy and possible at any time. Propagation by cuttings is simple and seeds also germinate well. There are variegated types or cultivars with different blossom colours such as white, yellow, red and violet. A. cordifolia is best planted in small areas in Arriyadh, where it can be used as a groundcover, in a rockery, a hanging basket or cascading over the edge of a container.

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General information

Aizoaceae Family Name : Aizoaceae
Mediterranean , Sub Tropical Origin: Mediterranean , Sub Tropical
Very Humid , Semi Humid , Semi Arid , Very Arid Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Humid , Semi Arid , Very Arid
Cuttings , Sowing and Pricking Out Propagation: Cuttings , Sowing and Pricking Out
Low Maintenance: Low
Perennial Planting Phase: Perennial

Environmental conditions

Resistant Urban Climate: Resistant
Vulnerable Desiccation: Vulnerable
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
Medium Irrigation: Medium
Moderate < 3,000 ppm  Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
-3°C  Hardiness Zones: -3°C

Plant shape

Fast Growing  Vigour: Fast Growing
Height Height: 0.01 M
Expansion Expansion: 1 M
Evergreen Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour Colour: Red , Pink
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Late September Till Early July

Fruit

Capsule Type Of Fruit: Capsule
Size Size: 1.5 CM
Inedible Toxicity: Inedible