ع

Riyadh Plants

Trees

Arabic Name

الغار الهندي، نيتدا

Latin Name

Ficus microcarpa var. nitida , Moraceae

English Name

Indian Laurel

الغار الهندي، نيتدا

The Indian Laurel is another species of Ficus, which has largely disappeared from Arriyadh, owing to its lack of frost tolerance. Native to India, it is often found in North Africa and the Middle East growing as a majestic shade tree. In Arriyadh, however, the species was formerly used to line many streets, and was often seen in clipped shapes on the lawns of parks during the 1970s (CE). Since then, the trees have slowly become less prominent in the city, as heavy frosts took their toll. It grows at a moderate rate to a height of 8 metres, and equal spread with strongly ascending, erect branches and smooth, glossy bright green leaves. Tolerant of many soils, it grows well in sand and does best in a fertile, moist soil. Tolerance to salinity is only medium. F. microcarpa var. nitida requires full sun and is tolerant of high temperatures and low humidity, although it thrives better with high humidity, as in Jeddah. It should be irrigated regularly in summer and will require deep watering only occasionally in the winter. Propagation is by cuttings and air-layering. F. microcarpa var. nitida is a variety of F. microcarpa (also known as F. retusa), which has larger leaves and longer, pendulous branches. Like many other Ficus species, its roots can be aggressive and buckle hard paving. Indian Laurel is prone to attacks by mites, mealybugs, thrips and scale. Suitable for gardens and containers, it is an excellent tree for public open spaces, and pathway shade, where the winters are warm and frost-free.

الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا الغار الهندي، نيتدا
!

Pictures shared by visitors

General information

Moraceae Family Name : Moraceae
Tropical , Sub Tropical Origin: Tropical , Sub Tropical
Very Humid , Semi Humid Rainfall: Very Humid , Semi Humid
Aerial Layering , Cuttings Propagation: Aerial Layering , Cuttings
Moderate Maintenance: Moderate

Environmental conditions

Vulnerable Desiccation: Vulnerable
Vulnerable Drought: Vulnerable
Medium Irrigation: Medium
Moderate < 3,000 ppm  Salinity: Moderate < 3,000 ppm
0°C  Hardiness Zones: 0°C

Plant shape

Slow Growing  Vigour: Slow Growing
Height Height: From 1 To 3 M
Expansion Expansion: From 0.5 To 2 M
Evergreen Foliage: Evergreen

Flower

Colour Colour: Yellow Pale
Flowering Period Flowering Period: From Early April Till Late May

Fruit

Drupe(fleshy/juicy) Type Of Fruit: Drupe(fleshy/juicy)
Size Size: 1 CM

Location of Use :

Public Open Space , Pedestrian Precinct , Linear Planting , Container Planting , Park Planting , High Hedge , Specimen , Wadi Farm Garden , Urban Area

Other choices :

Attractive Foliage , Plant Used by ADA , Attractive to Birds , Invasive Roots , Topiary Plant